Llamas are domesticated South American lamoids, maintained in herds in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina. The llama is used primarily as a pack animal but also as a source of food, wool, hides, tallow for candles, and dried dung for fuel. A 250-lb llama can carry a load of 100–130 lb and travel 15–20 mi a day. It can subsist on little water and a wide variety of plant materials. Though usually white, it may be solid black or brown, or white with black or brown markings. It is usually gentle, but when overloaded or mistreated it will lie down, hiss, spit and kick, and refuse to move. Not known to exist in the wild state, it appears to have been bred from guanacos during or before the Inca civilization.
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