Trafalgar Square is a square in Westminster named for Lord Nelson's naval victory (1805) in the Battle of Trafalgar, in Spanish water. Possibly the most famous of all London squares, Trafalgar Square has always been public and has had no garden. It was constructed between the 1820s and '40s. Seven major arteries pump automobiles around the great paved space, which is dominated by Nelson's Column, a 185-foot-high monument to Lord Nelson that includes a 17-foot-high statue of him. At the corners of the column's plinth are four bronze lions. It is flanked by the National Gallery and the church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields. Traditions associated with this square include political rallies, caroling (in December) around a large Christmas tree sent from Norway (since World War II), and boisterous New Year's Eve celebrations.
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